There are generally two types of 2 way radios used for communications.  VHF – Very High Frequency, used for short distance communications which generally work using the line of sight method meaning there should be no obstacles in between such as mountains, tall buildings, etc., and HF – High Frequency used for long distance communications.

Using the 2 way radio differs from using a cell phone in that you cannot speak and listen at the same time.  Your radio frequency can be heard by other listeners on the same frequency so never trasmit sensative or personal information. 

Most of the common handheld 2 way radios will offer 22 channels and up to 121 privacy codes.  Look for  radio channels and frequencies that are not being used by anyone else.  Have primary and secondary channels and frequencies determined for members of your group.  As an example, your primary channel might be 3 and your frequency 19.  Your secondary might be channel 4 frequency 28.

Perform radio checks frequently to make sure the radio is working properly.  Make sure the battery is charged, the power is on and the volume is high enough to hear any calls.  Memorize your call sign and others call signs which are on air identifiers other than your names.  Do not use your real names, use call signs only on any 2 way radio communication. 

Your communications should be short, clear and concise.  In the following examples, let’s designate your call sign as Whiskey Tango Nine and your recipients call sign as Alpha Charlie One.

Do not interrupt if a station is being used unless it is an emergency.  If it is an emergency press the PTT (Push to talk button) and as an example say Break, Break, Break, This is Whiskey Tango Nine, with an emergency message for Alpha Charlie One, over.  

If the station is clear and it is regular, non emergency communications, Press the PTT (Push to talk) button and after 2 seconds say the recipients call sign twice followed by your call sign and the word over.

Example of you sending:  Alpha Charlie One, Alpha Charlie One, This is Whiskey Tango Nine, Over.

Recipients response:  Whiskey Tango Nine, This Alpha Charlie One, Go Ahead, Over. 

Example of you sending:  Meet at rendezvous point Omega, Acknowledge, Over.

Recipients response:  Wilco (means message acknowledged), Over.

Example of you sending:  This is Whiskey Tango Nine, Out. (Communication ended)

The phonetic alphabet is commonly used during 2 way radio communications for spelling out words and is listed below.

A – ALPHA
B – BRAVO
C – CHARLIE
D – DELTA

E – ECHO
F – FOXTROT
G – GOLF
H – HOTEL
I – INDIA

J – JULIET
K – KILO

L – LIMA
M – MIKE
N – NOVEMBER
O – OSCAR

P – PAPA
Q – QUEBEC

R – ROMEO
S – SIERRA
T – TANGO
U – UNIFORM
V – VICTOR
W – WHISKEY
X – X-RAY
Y – YANKEE
Z – ZULU

You can get a free preview of my first three post apocalyptic fiction books by clicking on the book cover images to the left of this blog post, on my blog page, which will take you to the Amazon.com website. Then you can click on the look inside option which will give you a free preview.  If my survival fiction books interest you; then consider purchasing them.  Book titles include American Rebellion Book 1 of the Revolution, American Rebellion Book 2 of the Revolution and American Rebellion Book 3 of the Revolution.

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Comments
  1. 1stminstrel says:

    Remember, that if these are stored, they must be shielded from EMP or they will be only nice looking pieces of plastic if they are the newer type that uses chips or a circuit board.

  2. conelrad says:

    Reblogged this on Contra and commented:
    communications with the outside world will be imperative, especially if you are alone. even within a group, the group must be able to obtain information, not only within the local area, but in a more overall strategic sense of the area of operation(s). information and the ability to communicate with other groups will be imperative. this article addresses an important component of wireless, public over the air communications. every group needs to establish and appoint a communications officer who not only understands this and other commo concepts. I would add that a ceoi (communications electronics operating instructions) book be established to determine the authenticity of the called party. I thank rmactsc for bringing this to the forefront of discussions within our prepper forum. -conelrad

  3. Jerry Gunsalus says:

    Romeo Mike, could you talk about Citizen Band and 2 meter as well . Thank you, KF7BPH.

    Date: Wed, 6 Mar 2013 20:20:51 +0000 To: jerryg52941@hotmail.com

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